Wednesday, December 7, 2016

A Voynich Word List

Here are over 90 words found in the Voynich manuscript transcribed and translated. You can find an ongoing spreadsheet with these words here: Voynich Lexicon



For the transcription alphabet and an explanation of how it was derived, go to Transcription Alphabet and The Handwriting.

For an introduction to this blog, the Voynich manuscript, and the theory covered in this blog, go to Introduction

For a discussion on the language candidates for Voynichese and why it appears to be a mixture of Balto-Finnic and Old Norse with some Slavic, go to Language Candidates.

In Finnish, the word elokuu and elokuussa signify August (crop month)








tet: Finnish (personal, dialectal, including Kven) you (plural; in archaic English: ye)




Esaikkaisa, a word found on f23r could be an old spelling of the Sami word Isogaisa meaning superb.


Torup is in fact a name used throughout a region in western Denmark, as follows:


Graphic possibly on the spring thaw


Voynich word
Possible Meaning
Lekker
play (I'm at last taking basic Norwegian and this word is now an absolute no-brainer)
ker
oak/cows/during
alkua
A start, beginning, inception, incipience. (Finnish) Partitive singular form of alku.  From the verb alkaa (“to begin”) + -u.
From Proto-Finnic *alkadak, from Proto-Uralic *alka- (“beginning”). Cognates include Mansi овл (ōwl, “head”).
Phes
Name of a nature deity akin to Lagran Madre, la Madre de i dei, Ope (Ops), Cibelle, Vesta, Ceres, Proserpina, and others* Phes - From Proto-Indo-European *bʰehos (compare φάω (pháō), φαίνω (phaínō)). Cognates include Latin iubar (“radiance, light”), Sanskrit (bhās, “light, brilliance”),  (bhāsa, “luster, light”), and Old English basu (“purple”).
keit
heat  (Finnish)
kesom
summer/gather/fallow (related to Proto-Finnic *kesä; Proto-Samic *keasē.)
alem
low
som
which
skei
occurs/occurred
da
when - From Old Norse þá and þó (adverb); and Old Norse þá er (when, conjunction), and German da (because, conjunction)
kei
walk or path (Livonian)
elom
life
som
thus
fer
to go, to travel. From Old Norse fara, from Proto-Germanic *faraną, from Proto-Indo-European *por- (“going, passage”).
kelt
refresh, waken
akeperss
(a keperss)
From Middle Dutch keper, from Latin capreus, capreō, from caper (“male goat”), the same metonymy as modern Dutch bok. Cognate with Middle High German kepfer, French chevron.
jelke
do/perform
aller
all
som
thus
som
as
elker
the elk
som
kind (of animals)
je
and
sør
south: from Old Norse suðr, from Proto-
Germanic *sunþrą.
ker
during
se
the
jeller
signs
kuut
moon/month - From Proto-Finnic *kuu, From Proto-Uralic *kuŋe. Cognates include Estonian
kuu and Hungarian hold.
elei
signals
alem
low
hei
they
som
thus or also
fer
to go, to travel. From Old Norse fara, from Proto-Germanic *faraną, from Proto-Indo-European *por- (“going, passage”).
elkalom
animals
helkei
jingle
ker
during
Ukelei
a fish in Germany/Poland OR a river in Poland called the Ukleja (formerly
in Livonia)
el
?
kei
walk
som
that
soi
make a musical sound
kei
walk
kelom
make
elei
gesture/sign
kei
walk
sa?ress
southward












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